On Wednesday January 5, Europe recorded 1.02 million new cases of Covid-19, up from 900,000 cases reported across the European Union the day before–both were daily records.
To battle these record-breaking infection rates, many EU countries are contemplating making vaccination mandatory. France passed a law (which still needs to go through the Senate) to turn its current health pass into a vaccine pass–this would require everyone to be fully vaccinated to be able to eat out, go to a bar or visit a museum (a negative test result would no longer suffice). Italy made vaccination mandatory for the over 50s, approximately 28 million people, and Austria is planning to make vaccination compulsory for everyone over the age of 14 from 1 February 2022.
Here is the list of booster, vaccination, testing and quarantine requirements for EU countries for January 2022.
Austria—tourist travel open to vaccinated with booster or PCR test result
Since 20 December, anyone wanting to enter Austria must follow the 2G rule where in addition to showing evidence of having been vaccinated or recovered, you must also either show a negative PCR test result or evidence of having had the booster jab.
Internally, the country is following Covid-19 restrictions based on what is being called the 3G rule–Geimpft (vaccinated), Genesen (recovered), Getestet (tested negative). Some venues are asking for 3G proof, others 2G and some 2.5G, depending on the region and venue.
Belgium—most unvaccinated not allowed
Belgium is color-coding countries to determine travel restrictions as per ECDC recommendations and much of the EU and Schengen area are currently red, as well as most third-party countries. Updates are done on Saturdays.
Travelers arriving from green or orange zones do not need to quarantine or test. Anyone arriving from a red zone in the EU/Schengen area or a red zone White List country–if they are vaccinated, they do not need to get tested or self-isolate. Anyone unvaccinated will need to arrive with a negative PCR test result, head into isolation and test out after a negative test on days 1 or 2.
Anyone arriving from a red zone from outside the EU/White List is only allowed if they are vaccinated, or can prove they are traveling for essential reasons.
If people must travel, they must fill in a a “Public Health Passenger Locator Form” 48 hours before arrival.
Croatia—proof of paid accommodation required
Anyone arriving from an EU/Schengen area country can enter if they can show one of the following: proof of vaccination in the past 365 days, proof that they have had Covid-19 (between 11 and 365 days before arrival), or proof of a negative test taken no more than 48 to 72 hours before arrival at the Croatian border.
Third country nationals are not allowed in for essential travel, unless they can show proof of paid accommodation for the entirety of their stay in the country AND can show proof of a negative test result, of having had Covid-19 or are completely vaccinated. Unvaccinated travelers can also get tested at the border and then isolate until a negative test result is achieved.
All travelers must complete the Enter Croatia web form before arrival.
Czech Republic—rules tightened for foreign nationals
Rules were tightened on 27 December for all foreign nationals. Anyone who has been fully vaccinated but not had a booster will need to have a negative PCR test result to enter the country, if they are on the right list. Unvaccinated people will need to also take a PCR test on days 5 and 7 after arrival. Anyone arriving must fill in the arrival form.
One big change is that many more countries are now considered high risk or very high risk, compared to last month–the list is updated regularly.
Denmark—vaccinated need negative test results
From 27 December, the government requires anyone arriving to have a negative Covid-19 test result, even if vaccinated. The test must be a maximum of 48 hours with a rapid antigen test or 72 hours with a PCR-test at the time of entry.
Anyone arriving from a high-risk country must also self-isolate for 10 days after arriving in Denmark. People may ‘test out’ of quarantine on day 6 with a negative PCR test result.
France—testing for all non-EU arrivals
France is operating a green, orange, red and a scarlet list of countries, from which different travel restrictions apply, the main difference being if people are vaccinated or not.
As of 4 December, anyone arriving from the EU/Schengen area will only need to take a test if they are not vaccinated (taken up to 24 hours before arrival). However, everyone must now test if they arrive from outside the EU+ bloc, even if they are vaccinated. These tests must be PCR (some antigen tests are allowed) and taken no more than 48 hours before arrival.
For unvaccinated travelers, the color codes determine if they are allowed to travel. The U.S. is on the red list meaning that unvaccinated travelers must have a pressing reason for travel. Arrivals might be subject to random testing and everyone must self-isolate for 10 days.
Germany—travel ban in place as unvaccinated restricted
Every traveler must fill out a Digital Registration Form and there is testing taking place upon arrival.
Fully vaccinated travelers from anywhere can enter Germany, as can those who have had Covid-19, children under 12, anyone in transit and anyone who is resident in the EU/Schengen area. For most other situations, there is a travel ban currently in place where there must be an urgent need to travel.
Greece—every arrival must test
There is a list of countries from which travelers can visit, which includes the U.S. and the U.K.
Until at least 10 January, all arrivals must have a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival or a rapid-antigen test taken no more than 24 hours before arrival, regardless of vaccination status.
Ireland—vaccinated don’t need to test
From 6 January 2022, anyone who is vaccinated or can show proof of recovery from Covid-19 in the past 6 months, does not have to test before arrival. Anyone else can enter with a negative PCR test result.
Italy—unvaccinated need to quarantine for 5 days
Italy is running a series of lists, where countries are subject to very different travel restrictions. Travelers from Safe List countries for instance do not need to undertake the current 5-day quarantine that many other unvaccinated travelers must.
In many cases, even vaccinated travelers must arrive with proof of a negative Covid-19 test result. Unvaccinated travelers are allowed to visit but must have proof of a negative Covid-19 test result and must quarantine for five days (this includes the U.S.). At the end of the five-day quarantine, they are also required to take an antigen or PCR test to leave self-isolation.
Everyone must fill out a Digital Passenger Locator Form.
The Netherlands—entry ban in place from outside EU
Travelers are allowed into the Netherlands from the EU/Schengen area but there is a travel ban effective from all travelers arriving from outside this area with some exemptions for people traveling from safe countries (and these people would need to arrive with a negative test result). Vaccinated people fall into this exemption category.
Anyone arriving from high-risk areas, are not allowed to enter, unless they fall into the exemption categories (and then must show negative test results and quarantine). Everyone must fill in a Health Declaration Form.
Spain—vaccinated, EU and EU safe list can visit
Since 17 July, Spain has been open to vaccinated travelers, EU residents and anyone from an EU safe-list country (Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Indonesia, Kuwait, New Zealand, Peru, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, the UAE and Uruguay).
Aside from some specific categories of people, non-essential travel is not allowed for the unvaccinated from third party countries outside the EU/Schengen area.
England–travel restrictions eased
The government announced the relaxation of travel restrictions in England at the beginning of January where vaccinated travelers are now allowed entry, without the need for pre-departure testing. However, they must take a lateral flow test on day 2, booked before arrival.
For unvaccinated people, there is a need to arrive with a negative Covid-19 test result, enter quarantine for ten days and then take a PCR test on Day 2 and Day 8.
Everyone must complete a Passenger Locator Form, before arriving in the country.