Enterprise Farmer | Six extra weeks of winter?

KIMBALL – As the solar eased over the horizon Wednesday morning in faraway Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the groundhog generally known as Punxsutawney Phil emerged from his burrow on Gobblers Knob and did not see his shadow. Accordingly, there will likely be an early spring.

Meanwhile in Kimball, Nebraska, and throughout a lot of the tri-state area, Arctic air was shifting into the realm, bringing with it wintry precipitation within the type of snow. If the forecast holds up, Kimball will see 2-6 inches of snow and expertise no less than one evening of sub-zero temperatures.

Regardless of the groundhog’s prediction, spring continues to be six weeks away. It will arrive at simply after 9:30 a.m. on Sunday, March 20 with the Vernal Equinox. Between every now and then, expertise tells us that we’ll have some heat and sunny climate in addition to some chilly and snowy climate. Experience additionally tells us that there will likely be extra of each within the wake of March 20. On February 2 spring seems to be a distant factor, however the days are already getting longer, and air temperatures are already creeping up. On Groundhog Day it’s enjoyable to take a position about what nature has in retailer for us.  

Regional forecast and situations

As of Tuesday morning (February 1), the temperature at dawn was 24 levels underneath cloudy skies. Winds have been northerly at 8 mph and the barometer was rising at 29.95 inches of mercury (in/Hg).

Today’s climate (Friday, February 4) is anticipated to be sunny and hotter within the wake of the winter storm, with calm winds and a each day excessive temperature of 34 levels. Overnight temperatures are anticipated to fall to about 17 underneath clear and calm skies. Day size will likely be 10 hours and 11 minutes, evening size 13 hours and 49 minutes.

Saturday’s forecast requires sunny and breezy situations with blowing snow within the morning and a excessive close to 42 levels. Partly cloudy skies are anticipated Saturday evening with the low temperature falling to 19 levels.

Sunday is anticipated to be barely cooler and nonetheless breezy with the each day excessive close to 37 levels and an in a single day low of about 18 levels.

Conditions Monday-Wednesday are anticipated to be sunny and hotter and to stay breezy, with daytime highs within the low- to mid- 40’s and in a single day lows falling into the higher teenagers. No precipitation is forecast by means of mid-week.

At Kimball the January 25-31 daytime excessive averaged 39.14 levels, about 1 diploma hotter than final week. The weekly excessive temperature was 51 levels on January 30 and 31. Overnight lows averaged 15.28 levels, about 3.43 levels cooler than final week. The weekly low temperature was 9 levels on January 25 and 26. The weekly imply temperature at Kimball was 27.2 levels, about 1.22 levels cooler than final week and 0.40 levels hotter than the January common of 26.8 levels. The long-term common excessive and low temperatures at Kimball for January 40.3 and 13.4, respectively.

Kimball obtained 0.5 inches of snow (0.05 inches liquid) on January 25 and 1 inch of snow (0.10 inches liquid) on January 27. Precipitation totaled 1.5 inches snow/0.15 inches liquid over the January 25-31 interval. 

Winds close to Kimball averaged south southwesterly and customarily delicate over the January 25-31 interval. Gusts for the week averaged 13.51 mph. High gust for the week was 23 mph on January 28.

Here’s an outline of February 4 temperature and precipitation highs, lows, and averages over the previous 129 years at Kimball. Data is taken from the High Plains Regional Climate Center (, the place you will discover and monitor knowledge in your personal specific location.

Last 12 months (February 4, 2021): Daily excessive temperature 39 levels, in a single day low 17 levels, common temperature 28.0 levels. Precipitation zero inches, snowfall zero inches, snow depth zero inches.

The warmest February 4 on file was 66 levels in 1935. The coolest February 4 excessive temperature was -14 levels in 1989. The coldest February 4 in a single day low was -22 levels in 1996. The warmest February 4 in a single day low was 37 levels in 1963. Over the years since 1893 the excessive temperature on February 4 has averaged 40.4 levels, the in a single day low 12.9 levels, the each day common 26.7 levels, precipitation has averaged 0.02 inches, snowfall 0.2 inches, snow depth zero inches.

The highest February 4 precipitation whole was 0.14 inches (1.5 inches snow) liquid equal in 2015, whereas the very best snow depth was 8.0 inches in 1949.

January climate almanac

Average 7 a.m. situations: temperature 22.45 levels, winds west southwesterly at 12.7 mph, barometer 30.07 inches of mercury (in/Hg). 

Average each day excessive temperature 37.23 levels (129-year common 40.3). Average each day low temperature 14.16 levels (129YA 13.4). Daily common temperature 25.69 levels (129YA 26.9). Total liquid precipitation 1.4645 inches (129YA 0.37). Year thus far (YTD) precipitation 1.4645 inches (129YA 0.37). Total snowfall 15.60 inches (129YA 5.0). YTD snow 15.60 inches (129YA 5.0).

Departures: Daily High, -3.07 levels; Daily Low, +0.76 levels; Daily Average, -1.21 levels; Total Liquid Precipitation, +1.0945 inches; YTD precipitation +1.0945 inches. Total Snow +10.6 inches, YTD snow +10.6 inches.

USDA weekly climate and crop
bulletin, February 1

Remarkably tranquil climate prevailed in most areas of the nation, however a quickly intensifying, late-week storm system close to the Atlantic Seaboard delivered wind-driven snow and created blizzard situations from the center Atlantic Coast into japanese New England. Farther south, some rain fell throughout the Deep South, primarily within the western and central Gulf Coast States. The the rest of the nation skilled a largely dry week, except for snow showers downwind of the Great Lakes and patchy snow on the High Plains. The Plains’ snow, which melted inside days, offered restricted and localized aid for drought-stressed winter wheat. The West’s spell with out widespread, significant precipitation prolonged to a month.

Bitterly chilly climate gripped the Midwest and Northeast, holding weekly temperatures no less than 10 to fifteen levels beneath regular within the Great Lakes area. Cold climate prolonged deep into the South, the place temperatures averaged as a lot as 10 levels beneath regular in Florida. Winter agricultural areas of southern Florida have been grazed by sub-freezing temperatures on the evening of January 23-24, adopted by a extra in depth chilly snap on the evening of January 29- 30. Elsewhere, chilly situations additionally overspread components of the West, though heat lingered in California and environs. In distinction, delicate, breezy climate dominated the northern High Plains, the place temperatures averaged as a lot as 10 to fifteen levels above regular.

U.S. drought monitor

USDM reviews derive normals/averages from the latest 30-year interval, although longer timescale knowledge are used the place accessible. The USDM usually reviews on present drought situations and provides a complete historical past of drought throughout the Continental U.S. Near-term temperature and precipitation predictions derive from National Weather Service (NWS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) forecasts.

Current drought standing for the Nebraska Panhandle, Southwest Wyoming, and Northeast Colorado. Drought Categories: D0 — abnormally dry. D1 — reasonable drought. D2 — extreme drought. D3 — excessive drought. D4 — distinctive drought.

(January 25, 2022) On January 18, a moisture-laden storm had simply cleared the Atlantic Coast States. A couple of days later, one other system delivered quite a lot of climate, together with rain, freezing rain, sleet, and snow, throughout components of the South. The latter storm produced vital snow on January 21-22 close to the center Atlantic Coast, together with japanese North Carolina and southeastern Virginia. Most of the rest of the nation skilled a dry week, except for durations of largely gentle precipitation from the Pacific Northwest to the Great Lakes States. However, fully dry climate prevailed by means of January 24 in a number of areas, together with California and the parched southern Plains, the place 71 % of Texas’ winter wheat was rated in very poor to poor situation. As the drought-monitoring interval ended early January 25, some snow developed on the northern and central High Plains, whereas rain returned alongside and close to the Gulf Coast. Elsewhere, frigid situations from the Midwest into the Northeast and customarily chilly situations throughout the japanese half of the nation contrasted with near- or above-normal temperatures farther west.

High Plains: Despite some snow on the High Plains late within the drought-monitoring interval, the final theme was towards regularly worsening drought situations, particularly in Kansas and Nebraska. U.S. Department of Agriculture statistics from January 23 mirrored a number of the points being confronted by farmers, with topsoil moisture rated no less than one-half very brief to brief in Colorado (82%), Kansas (77%), Nebraska (73%), and Wyoming (60%). In addition, no less than one-quarter of the winter wheat was rated very poor to poor on that date in Kansas (31%), Wyoming (33%), Colorado (40%). Even within the Dakotas, the place some drought restoration has occurred in current months, topsoil moisture was better than 40% very brief to brief. In addition, inventory water provides in North Dakota have been reported to be 50% very brief to brief.

West: Much of the area has skilled alternating durations of moist and dry climate because the Water Year started on October 1, 2021. As the West strikes into the second half of its winter moist season, a return to stormy climate will likely be wanted to maintain the drought enchancment that occurred throughout October and December. According to the California Department of Water Resources, the water equivalency of the Sierra Nevada snowpack elevated lower than an inch (from 15.4 to 16.0 inches) between December 30 and January 26, with the corresponding % of common for the date falling from 160 to 103%. Compared to regular values, snow-water equivalency was appreciably decrease (lower than two-thirds of common in a number of river basins) throughout the japanese slopes of the Rockies, particularly in japanese Wyoming and far of New Mexico, leading to some drought deterioration. In New Mexico, topsoil moisture was rated 87% very brief to brief on January 23, in accordance with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, whereas inventory water provides have been 49% very brief to brief. With the current dryness, compounded by long-term drought points and heat, windy climate, a uncommon January wildfire—the 700-acre Colorado Fire—erupted close to Big Sur, California, on January 21.

Near-term forecast: The 6–10-day outlook requires the probability of above-normal temperatures within the japanese U.S., whereas colder-than-normal situations will prevail alongside and west of a line from central Texas to Lake Michigan. Meanwhile, below-normal precipitation within the Far West, together with northern and central California and the Great Basin, ought to distinction with wetter-than-normal climate in most areas from the central and southern Rockies to the Atlantic Coast.

Terminology: EDDI — Evaporative Demand Drought Index. This is an experimental mannequin for drought prediction, utilizing nationwide knowledge from 1980-present. SPE — Standardized Precipitation index, correlating current month/12 months precipitation with 30-plus 12 months historic knowledge. SPEI — Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index. SWE — Snow Water Equivalent. 

For extra data on the U.S. drought monitor, together with a proof of terminology, go to:  

USDA weekly crop
progress reviews

These reviews derive normals/averages from the latest 30-year interval, courting again to 1988.


(January 25) For the week ending January 23, 2022, topsoil moisture provides rated 21% very brief, 52% brief, 27% satisfactory, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture provides rated 18% very brief, 49% brief, 33% satisfactory, and 0% surplus. Winter wheat situation rated 8% very poor, 11% poor, 45% truthful, 33% good, and three% wonderful


(January 25) For the month of January 2022: Topsoil moisture 23% very brief, 37% brief, 39% satisfactory, 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture 24% very brief, 48% brief, 27% satisfactory,
1% surplus.

Winter wheat situation 7% very poor, 26% poor, 49% truthful, 17% good, 1% wonderful.

Calving progress 1% cows calved. Sheep and lamb progress 2% ewes lambed. 

Hay and roughage provides 13% very brief, 42% brief, 44% satisfactory, 1% surplus.

Livestock situation 3% poor, 13% truthful, 81% good, 3% wonderful.

Stock water provides 11% very brief, 28% brief, 60% satisfactory, 1% surplus.

Pasture and vary situation 25% very poor, 24% poor, 31% truthful, 19% good, 1% wonderful.

January introduced minimal precipitation to Wyoming, with whole month-to-month precipitation measuring lower than one inch for many of the State. Overall, nonetheless, precipitation totals are round common for the month, with totals starting from 0.45 inch beneath common to 0.45 inch above common. Temperatures for the month of January have been one to 4 levels above common for many of the State.

Reports from Washakie and Hot Springs Counties indicated persisting drought situations. Dry situations have been reported in Platte County, with feedback that top winds are drying out topsoil rapidly when moisture is obtained. Comments in Lincoln County indicated snowfall obtained in early January has now given method to dry situations. In Goshen County, there are reviews that the nice and cozy, dry situations are serving to cattle and livestock situations.

According to the United States Drought Monitor for January 20, 2022, the quantity of land rated as abnormally dry was 2.8%, a slight lower from 3.3% on December 30. Moderate drought was current throughout 31.5% of the State, in comparison with 35.4% on December 30. Severe drought elevated from 47.1% on December 30 to 61.1% of the State. Extreme drought situations coated 4.6% of the State, a lower of 9.6% age factors from 14.2% on December 30.


(January 25) For the month of January 2022: Topsoil moisture 32% very brief, 50% brief, 16% satisfactory, 2% surplus. Subsoil moisture 31% very brief, 38% brief, 30% satisfactory, 1% surplus.

Winter wheat situation 14% very poor, 26% poor, 40% truthful, 20% good. 

Livestock situation 6% poor, 14% truthful, 70% good, 10% wonderful. 

Pasture and vary situation 16% very poor, 19% poor, 45% truthful, 17% good, 3% wonderful.

Precipitation throughout January remained beneath common in a number of areas and seasonal snowfall was largely confined to the excessive nation.

In northeastern and east central counties, restricted moisture was obtained and different considerably. Drought situations didn’t enhance in japanese counties. County reviews famous extreme winds broken native pasture and winter wheat. Concerns remained for fall-seeded crops and pasture situations resulting from extreme lack of precipitation. Several counties have been eligible for emergency grazing of CRP resulting from drought.

Southwestern counties obtained various quantities of rain and snow in January. Some locales reported snow and deep mud remained resulting from precipitation. Other areas have been a lot drier and county reviews famous snowpack throughout January was decrease than December.

The San Luis Valley obtained minimal moisture throughout January and situations remained dry. According to county reviews, livestock remained in good situation. Mild climate and lack of snow allowed livestock to stay pastured longer than regular. As of January 24, 2022, snowpack was 111% measured as %  of median snowfall.

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