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Enterprise Farmer | Spring brings climate variability to tri-state area


KIMBALL – Sunny skies and temperatures ranging within the higher 70’s made for a pleasing remaining March weekend, however by Tuesday a fast-moving climate entrance was brisky shifting by way of the area bringing a chill wind and stinging rain adopted by snow. At Kimball half an inch of snow gathered, and the overall water content material of the occasion measured simply over 1 / 4 inch.

Winter wheat stands have been greening properly throughout the south panhandle whereas volunteer wheat and downy brome have been greening stubble, discipline margins and disturbed floor. Early cool-season grasses and sedges have been greening properly in pastures and rangeland whereas leaf buds have been starting to open on timber and shrubs. Some forbs comparable to fringed sagewort have been starting to develop fairly properly.

Cattle have been grazing newly inexperienced grass throughout the area and calving was in full swing.

Regional Forecast and Conditions

As of Tuesday morning (March 29), the temperature at dawn was 49 levels beneath clear skies. Winds have been north at 9 mph and the barometer was falling sharply at 29.51 inches of mercury (in/Hg).

Today’s climate (Friday, April 1) is forecast to be partly sunny and breezy with an opportunity of rain/snow combine as a fast-moving climate entrance arrives. The every day excessive temperature might be round 46 levels earlier than falling off to a blustery in a single day low of 24. Day size might be 12 hours and 40 minutes, night time size 11 hours and 20 minutes.

Saturday must be sunny and hotter within the wake of Friday’s entrance passage. Skies are anticipated to be sunny and calm, and the excessive temperature ought to attain 62 levels. Skies might be partly cloudy in a single day with the air temperature falling to close freezing.

Sunday is predicted to be a near-repeat of Saturday with a bit extra breeziness. Daytime temps ought to contact 60 earlier than falling off to close freezing in a single day.

The Monday-Wednesday forecast predicts cloudy skies with an opportunity of rain on Monday, adopted by sunny and warming situations Tuesday and Wednesday. Daytime highs ought to vary within the mid-50’s and in a single day lows will fall into the higher 30’s to low 40’s.

At Kimball the March 22-28 daytime excessive averaged 60 levels, about 5.58 levels hotter than final week. The weekly excessive temperature was 77 levels on March 28. Overnight lows averaged 26.57 levels, about 1.14 levels cooler than final week. The weekly low temperature was 21 levels on March 24. The weekly imply temperature at Kimball was 43.28 levels, about 2.21 levels hotter than final week and seven.28 levels hotter than the March common of 36.0 levels. The long-term common excessive and low temperatures at Kimball for March are 49.8 and 22.2 respectively.

It was a dry week at Kimball with solely a hint of rain and snow recorded on March 22. 

Winds close to Kimball averaged south southeasterly and have been often fairly breezy over the March 22-28 interval. Gusts for the week averaged 31.71 mph. High gust for the week was 49 mph on March 22.

Historic local weather knowledge

Here’s an outline of April 1 temperature and precipitation highs, lows  and averages over the previous 129 years at Kimball. Data is taken from the High Plains Regional Climate Center (www.hprcc.unl.edu), the place you could find and observe knowledge on your personal explicit location.

Last yr (April 1, 2021): Daily excessive temperature 67 levels, in a single day low 25 levels, common temperature 46.0 levels. Precipitation zero inches, snowfall zero inches, snow depth zero inches.

The warmest April 1 on report was 84 levels in 2004. The coolest April 1 excessive temperature was 25 levels in 1935. The coldest April 1 in a single day low was 4 levels in 1936. The warmest April 1 in a single day low was 45 levels in 1969. Over the years since 1893 the excessive temperature on April 1 has averaged 55.7 levels, the in a single day low 26.1 levels, the every day common 40.9 levels, precipitation has averaged 0.03 inches, snowfall 0.1 inches, snow depth zero inches.

The highest April 1 precipitation complete was 1.49 inches (snow) in 1905. Highest snowfall was 6 inches in 1893; highest snow depth was 9 inches in 1975.

USDA Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin, March 29

A potent spring storm swept from the central and southern Plains into the Great Lakes States, delivering widespread precipitation alongside and east of its path. Snow fell alongside the northwestern fringe of the precipitation protect, stretching from central and southern sections of the Rockies and Plains into the higher Great Lakes area. Meanwhile, heavy showers and regionally extreme thunderstorms swept throughout the South, leading to at the very least 2 to 4 inches of rain in quite a few areas. A Southern severe-weather outbreak peaked on March 21-22, with dozens of tornadoes reported from Texas to Alabama. The the rest of the nation—together with a lot of the West— obtained little or no precipitation. 

Early-spring heat dominated the nation, serving to to heat soils prematurely of widespread spring planting operations. Weekly temperature readings averaged 5 to 10 levels above regular in lots of areas from the northern Plains into the Midwest and East. Consistently cooler-than-normal situations have been restricted to the south-central U.S., the place temperatures in Texas averaged as a lot as 5 levels under regular, regardless of a sudden, lateweek warming pattern. During the cool spell, freezes have been reported as far south because the southern High Plains by way of March 24. At week’s finish chilly air started to overspread the Midwest and northern and center Atlantic States. 

U.S. Drought Monitor

USDM experiences derive normals/averages from the newest 30-year interval, although longer timescale knowledge are used the place out there. The USDM typically experiences on present drought situations and provides a complete historical past of drought throughout the Continental U.S. Nearterm temperature and precipitation predictions derive from National Weather Service (NWS) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) forecasts.

Current drought standing for the Nebraska Panhandle, Southwest Wyoming, and Northeast Colorado. Drought Categories: D0 — abnormally dry. D1 — reasonable drought. D2 — extreme drought. D3 — excessive drought. D4 — distinctive drought.

(March 22, 2022) High A sequence of storm methods moved throughout the decrease 48 states this previous week. Heavy rain fell throughout components of the Great Plains and Southeast, with lighter quantities noticed throughout components of the Pacific Northwest and Intermountain West. The Central and Southern Plains, Lower Mississippi Valley, and Southeast principally noticed enhancements to drought situations throughout the 7 days main as much as March 22. Throughout a lot of the U.S., the place antecedent dryness coincided with below-normal precipitation, drought both continued or worsened in depth. The solely areas the place this was not true was throughout components of the Upper Midwest, which skilled some removing of long-term drought attributable to enhancements from melting snow cowl.

High Plains: Associated with a storm system intensifying and shifting slowly northeastward from the Central Plains March 21-22, heavy rainfall was noticed throughout a lot of central and jap Kansas, southeastern Nebraska, and jap Colorado. Rainfall in extra of 1.5 inches resulted in 1-category enhancements throughout many of those areas. However, enhancements have been much less widespread for some areas in central Kansas and southeastern Nebraska, as longer-term deficits stay intact. Additionally, soil moisture nonetheless stays D2-equivalent (indicating extreme drought situations) or worse throughout many areas, region-wide stream flows are working close to and under regular, and SPIs are D2-equivalent or worse for all intervals between 60 and 120 days.

Farther north throughout western North Dakota and southern South Dakota, the dearth of seasonal snow cowl, above-normal temperatures this previous week (10 levels to fifteen levels above-normal), and excessive winds resulted within the growth of utmost (D3) and extreme (D2) drought, respectively. Reports from western North Dakota point out rangeland situations are worse than this time final yr. Groundwater and root zone soil moisture could be very low and watering holes are dried up, supported by NASA GRACE groundwater and NASA SPoRT 0-100 cm soil moisture indicators. In southern North Dakota, shallower soil depths (0-40 cm) have dried out additional this previous week attributable to above-normal temperatures and excessive winds. Additionally, SPIs are at D2-equivalent or worse for all intervals going again 120 days. Locals proceed to be involved concerning the antecedent dryness main as much as the spring. Water availability, forage for feed, and livestock are all in danger if the rains don’t come throughout the spring and summer season months, because the Northern Plains begins transitioning right into a climatologically wetter time of yr in April.

West: A really dry sample has endured throughout a lot of 2022 up to now, primarily from southern Oregon southward. Average basin SWE values have continued to say no throughout the West and at the moment are under regular for the reason that begin of the water yr on October 1. Despite the drying pattern main as much as this week throughout many areas of the area, a stormy sample introduced above-normal precipitation to the windward (west-facing) slopes of Washington, with some additions to the snowpack. Snowpack features have been additionally evident throughout components of the Northern Rockies. Given the small features revamped the previous couple of weeks, focused enhancements have been made throughout northern Oregon, northern Idaho, and western Montana. Elsewhere within the Western Region, a low-pressure system monitoring eastward within the days main as much as March 22 produced sufficient precipitation and excessive elevation snowfall to stave off any additional degradation this week. Some basins throughout the Four Corners area are even reporting close to and above-normal seasonal snowpack following the occasion. However, extra might be wanted to curb long-term drought throughout these areas.

Near-term forecast: The 6–10-day outlook favors close to to above-normal temperatures throughout a lot of the western and jap contiguous U.S. (CONUS) and the Gulf Coast. Below-normal temperatures are favored for the north-central and northeastern CONUS, behind sturdy low stress exiting the East Coast close to the beginning of the interval. Above-normal precipitation is favored for a lot of the jap two-thirds of the CONUS, as a storm system is predicted to accentuate and transfer eastward throughout the U.S. throughout the interval. Behind this storm system and farther to its south, below-normal precipitation is probably going throughout components of the western CONUS and southern Texas, respectively.

Terminology: EDDI — Evaporative Demand Drought Index. This is an experimental mannequin for drought prediction, utilizing nationwide knowledge from 1980-present. SPE — Standardized Precipitation index, correlating current month/yr precipitation with 30-plus yr historic knowledge. SPEI — Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index. SWE — Snow Water Equivalent. 

For extra info on the U.S. Drought Monitor, together with a proof of terminology, go to: http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu

USDA Weekly Crop Progress Reports

These experiences derive normals/averages from the newest 30-year interval, relationship again to 1988. 

Nebraska

(March 29): For the week ending March 27, 2022: Topsoil moisture provides rated 37% very quick, 43% quick, 20% satisfactory, and 0% surplus. Subsoil moisture provides rated 36% very quick, 40% quick, 24% satisfactory, and 0% surplus. Winter wheat situation rated 10% very poor, 16% poor, 47% honest, 24% good, and three% wonderful.

Wyoming

(March 29) For the month of March 2022: Topsoil moisture 26% very quick, 42% quick, 32% satisfactory. Subsoil moisture 25% very quick, 54% quick, 21% satisfactory.

Barley 7% planted. Winter wheat situation 9% very poor, 32% poor, 45% honest, 14% good.

Calving progress 11% cows calved. Cattle and calves dying loss 2% heavy, 73% common, 25% mild. Lamb progress 8% ewes lambed. Sheep and lambs shorn 11%. Sheep and lambs dying loss 78% common, 22% mild. Livestock situation 1% poor, 6% honest, 92% good, 1% wonderful.

Stock water provides 5% very quick, 38% quick, 56% satisfactory, 1% surplus.

Hay and roughage provides 23% very quick, 30% quick, 47% satisfactory.

Pasture and vary situation 7% very poor, 34% poor, 43% honest, 16% good.

The majority of Wyoming skilled under common temperatures in March. In remoted areas, temperatures have been as a lot as 10 levels under regular. Precipitation was additionally under regular for a lot of the State.

In Goshen County, soil moisture was aided by variable moisture. Farmers had begun discipline actions.

In Lincoln County, extra mountain snow was wanted to replenish irrigation provides. Snow cowl saved farmers from their fields, however situations have been good for lambing.

Pastures have been greening in Platte County, however extra precipitation was wanted as moisture ranges obtained over the winter have been decrease than in most years.

Colorado

(March 29)  For the week ending March 27, 2022: Topsoil moisture 16% very quick, 39% quick, 44% satisfactory, 1% surplus. Subsoil moisture 31% very quick, 46% quick, 23% satisfactory.

Barley planted 2%, 11% 2021, 5% avg. Winter wheat pastured 9%, 13% 2021, 12% avg. Winter wheat situation 14% very poor, 25% poor, 50% honest, 11% good.

Cows calved 65%, 67% 2021, 54% avg. Ewes lambed 44%, 54% 2021, 47% avg. Livestock situation 6% poor, 19% honest, 60% good, 15% wonderful. Cattle dying loss 3% heavy, 71% avg, 26% mild. Sheep dying loss 1% heavy, 60% avg, 39% mild. Pasture and vary situation 17% very poor, 20% poor, 31% honest, 30% good, 2% wonderful.

Feed and focus provides 2% very quick, 17% quick, 76% satisfactory, 5% surplus.

Above common temperatures and windy situations have been noticed throughout the State final week. In northeastern and east central counties, some moisture was obtained final week. Above common temperatures aided in discipline preparation for imminent spring planting. Calving and lambing continued, supported by comparatively delicate climate.

Southwestern counties remained dry, and temperatures have been above regular final week.

In the San Luis Valley, precipitation was restricted over the past week, however moisture is forecasted for the upcoming week. A reporter famous heat temperatures allowed producers to proceed fieldwork and barley planting has begun.

In southeastern counties, moisture obtained final week was useful to fall seeded crops and funky season pasture grasses, however continued precipitation continues to be wanted. Overall, calving and lambing continued with few points, with 65% of cows calved and 44% of ewes lambed, each behind the earlier yr.

As of March 27, 2022, snowpack in Colorado was 92% measured as % of median snowfall, a pointy lower from 99% the earlier week. The Southwest and San Luis Valley have been 93 and 97%, respectively.



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