Inflation Protection & Wealth Technology? Purchase Northrop! (NYSE:NOC)

Helicopters carrying piggy banks over clouds

Colin Anderson Productions pty ltd/DigitalVision by way of Getty Images


I’m very excited to make use of this text to share my ideas on an important matter: investing in instances of excessive inflation. While “we” have ready for increased inflation since 2020, lots of people are now waking as much as the truth that inflation is right here to remain. With shopper costs at a multi-decade excessive, we’re seeing large stress on customers and the economic system as an entire.

In this text, I’ll clarify how I might cope with this and why I imagine that Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) is the go-to inventory for traders in search of earnings, progress, and inflation safety. I’ll stroll you thru my considering course of in what I imagine is my most essential article this quarter beginning on the very starting: inflation.

Inflation Is Here To Stay

Inflation is among the most advanced and complex matters proper now. It is a matter that started in 2020, when central bankers feared that inflation can be too low over time. Back in 2020, inflation bottomed at 0.2% (year-on-year) because of world lockdowns that crushed consumption. Restaurants had been empty, individuals labored from dwelling, and leisure was totally on-line. Nobody knew how unhealthy issues would get as we had been coping with a novel virus.

Both happily and sadly, it turned out that the lockdowns had been a large overreaction. It had a big impact on provide chains as shopper spending got here roaring again. Meanwhile, inventories had been empty as firms did not hassle to restock as a result of uncertainty. It precipitated just-in-time provide chains to interrupt. Waiting instances elevated, and since the Fed had blown up its stability sheet, a a lot larger wall of cash was chasing a reducing quantity of products and companies: inflation was (re)born.

Now, inflation is operating at greater than 8% year-on-year as issues have solely gotten worse. Semiconductor shortages, labor shortages, delivery points in China, the conflict in Ukraine, and associated meals shortages are doing a quantity on the patron. Not simply within the U.S. This time it is world.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Whether it’s in my day by day newsletters on Intelligence Quarterly or on Seeking Alpha, I’m within the camp that believes that inflation is right here to remain. In this case, I’m not making the case that inflation stays at 8%, however that inflation will stay above common for an prolonged time period.

This week, the Wall Street Journal ran a headline that I, sadly, must agree with: “Inflation Hurts. Better Get Used to It.”

WSJ headline

Wall Street Journal

The drawback, as “The Journal” describes it, is that the market believes that inflation can come down with out a lot Federal Reserve intervention. After all, inflation is principally brought on by provide chain issues the Fed can not resolve anyway:

During the Eighties, when Paul Volcker’s Fed was determined to keep away from a repeat of the inflation of the Seventies, rates of interest had been on common greater than 4 share factors increased than inflation. Leave apart the truth that in the meanwhile the Fed Funds goal fee is a rare 7 share factors under inflation; markets aren’t bracing for the Fed to be really hawkish in the long term. Investors nonetheless assume there is not any want, since in the long term inflation pressures will abate.

There are causes to imagine that inflation is right here to remain. According to the identical article:

This might be a mistake. The inflationary pressures from Covid and conflict will certainly go away ultimately. But self-fulfilling shopper and enterprise expectations of inflation are rising, and a bunch of longer-term inflationary pressures are on the best way. These embody the retreat of globalization, huge spending to shift away from fossil fuels, extra navy spending, governments keen to run free fiscal coverage, and a place to begin of an overheated economic system and supercheap cash.

What we’re coping with are structural points – each within the US and the EU. Labor shortages, for instance, will result in the “re-pricing” of quite a lot of jobs within the many years forward. Globalization is altering as firms are more and more shifting away from China due to human rights and provide chain danger points. This is smart, however it implies that our economies won’t be flooded with low-cost merchandise anymore. Moreover, “greenflation” is a factor now as governments discourage oil and gasoline manufacturing. The world transfer to “renewables” will include an enduring price ticket as oil, gasoline, and coal are the most cost effective methods to gasoline our progress.

Moreover, the conflict in Ukraine and geopolitical uncertainties in Asia (primarily brought on by China) ramp up the necessity for protection spending.

The listing could be very lengthy, and it certainly appears that we’re in a brand new order that doesn’t enable inflation to run at what was once widespread inflation charges near or under 2.0%.

This means traders must be ready.

Buying Inflation Protection

In common, shopping for index funds is an efficient solution to defend your wealth in opposition to inflation. Long-term, the ten% common annual return of the S&P 500 has outperformed inflation by a mile. However, as I’m not a giant fan of ETFs, I like to search out shares that get the job executed for my very own portfolio and anybody following me on Seeking Alpha.

In this case, I spent greater than every week fascinated about a single inventory that might get the job executed. I learn dozens of articles on this web site and others and got here to the conclusion that I’m not going with the apparent picks.

What are the apparent picks? Energy and fundamental supplies. Both sectors are flying proper now as a result of excessive commodity inflation and the truth that mining firms and associated are in an excellent place.

I made a decision to go in opposition to commodities (on this article) for one purpose solely: I wish to current a inventory that traders can maintain all through many cycles. A variety of high-flying commodity shares proper now will flip into liabilities as soon as inflation comes down. The good inflation inventory protects individuals in instances of inflation and deflation – I feel.

Another class I made a decision to disregard is shopper staples. These firms are technically in a position to elevate costs as a result of customers have to purchase their merchandise. However, I made a decision to disregard these firms on this article as inflation is operating so scorching that customers are switching manufacturers, which advantages generic manufacturers. Again, these firms should not unhealthy in these instances, simply not good.

What I made a decision to go together with, as you already noticed within the introduction, is protection. I presently have about 24% protection publicity in my portfolio.

Author portfolio breakdown


But why is Northrop Grumman such an ideal decide on this business?

Northrop Grumman Means Long-Term Inflation Protection & Wealth Growth

Northrop Grumman has been in my portfolio since final yr with a mean entry worth of $363.70. In March, I devoted an article to its qualities as a dividend progress inventory.

With a market cap of $69 billion, this Falls Church, Virginia-based firm is among the world’s largest protection contractors. While its merchandise should not that well-known like Lockheed Martin’s (LMT) F-16 or F-35, it is one of many best-positioned protection contractors as a result of its high-tech publicity.

In my final article, I highlighted this publicity:

What individuals do not know is that Northrop produces the fuselages for the F-35 and F/A-18, amongst others. The firm is engaged in all main protection initiatives and it operates in quite a lot of high-tech areas like protection programs, mission programs, area programs, and aeronautics. Aeronautics consists of the soon-to-be-released B-21 Raider.

NOC investor presentation

Northrop Grumman 2022 Investor Presentation

What I like about that is that protection is switching from “old-school” {hardware} to high-tech options. The Telegraph wrote an article referred to as, “Is this the end of the tank?”

Headline on tanks

The Telegraph

While the paper concludes that armored autos are wanted, it highlights the superior applied sciences like Javelins that may take out tanks. The undeniable fact that Ukraine has entry to them is a purpose why Russia has such a tough time advancing.

In my final Northrop article, I highlighted altering protection calls for as nicely:

The final 20 years have been about counterinsurgency and antiterrorism, benefiting floor autos, plane, drones and missiles. “Now there is a shift to a different adversary: peer-to-peer state actors,” says Patriot Industrial Partners advisor Alex Krutz.

[…] Yet traders are involved a few deeper-seated drawback, too: Defense companies could have caught an excessive amount of to their conventional position as regular dividend payers at a time when they should speed up investments in know-how. – WSJ

Northrop sells 86% of its merchandise inside the U.S., and 29% of whole gross sales go to labeled prospects. In Aeronautics, 40% of gross sales go to restricted prospects. In different phrases, “trust” is essential, because it’s arduous to evaluate which initiatives will do nicely sooner or later. What I do know, nevertheless, is that the corporate engages in all areas with progress potential: strategic bombers, provides for giant applications just like the F-35, area {hardware}, and help, (superior) missiles, hypersonics, computing, autonomous autos, and a lot extra.

The smartest thing about being depending on the federal government is that it comes with pricing benefits. According to the Wall Street Journal, roughly a 3rd of the Pentagon’s greatest offers are agreed on a cost-plus foundation, with the worth set and the additional expense borne by the Pentagon. This usually consists of offers longer than one yr. In different phrases, offers that don’t embody shorter-term spending, which is roughly 70% of its price range.

McKinsey & Company additionally dove into the impression of inflation on protection shopping for energy. The worst-case state of affairs used inflation within the Seventies as a foundation. As the primary graph of this text exhibits, again then inflation was within the double-digit vary. If such a state of affairs would happen once more, actual shopping for energy would fall to $543 billion by 2026.

Inflation will influence the buying power of the Department of Defense for the $773 billion budget approved for fiscal year 2023.

McKinsey & Company

The excellent news is that the federal government tries to keep up regular shopping for energy, which suggests incorporating inflation. On common, the protection price range has used inflation of 20 foundation factors above CPI to include higher-than-average defense-related inflation.

In the case of Northrop, it helps that the corporate is high-tech centered. This means long-term initiatives that require inflation safety. In March, throughout the JP Morgan Industrial Conference, the corporate commented on inflation:

Much of our mounted worth contract portfolio is repriced yearly. For these applications and others which might be repriced much less usually, we work to have contract clauses that allow issues like worth changes if inflation reaches a sure level or reopeners underneath sure circumstances. So these of kinds of instruments accessible in our business to mitigate danger related to inflation and we’re doing every little thing we will to take action.

Again, the corporate is answerable for two legs of the nuclear triads whereas being supportive of the third. The firm is a key provider of the F-35 and F-18 initiatives, a serious drone producer, and the house of the brand new B-21 Raider. These initiatives are nice for inflation safety.

Moreover, I discovered a remark in NOC’s 2021 10-Okay, which highlights its potential to combat inflation:

We have typically been in a position to anticipate will increase in prices when pricing our contracts. Bids for longer-term agency fixed-price contracts sometimes embody assumptions for labor and different price escalations in quantities that traditionally have been adequate to cowl price will increase over the interval of efficiency.

Now, do not forget that the Seventies had been the final time that inflation was actually unhealthy. It was constantly in double-digit territory, triggering 4 recessions inside 15 years. Back then, it was actually arduous for protection firms to keep up regular buying energy, because the McKinsey knowledge confirmed. Yet, NOC outperformed by a mile. The graph under exhibits the ratio between NOC and the S&P 500 (excluding dividends). In the early Seventies, there was no outperformance. Yet, going into the second half of the Seventies, NOC accelerated.



Between 1970 and 1985, NOC returned 1,240%, which not solely beat sky-high inflation however generated quite a lot of wealth even for individuals who had a comparatively small place again then.

Northrop Grumman price % change and total return
Data by YCharts

With that in thoughts, let me reiterate once more why it additionally issues from a dividend progress standpoint.

Shareholder Value & Valuation

I’m not going to make this phase lengthy as you simply needed to learn shut to 2 thousand phrases on inflation. However, I wished to make the case once more for NOC as a dividend progress inventory. The firm is producing accelerating free money stream used to spice up its dividend and buybacks. Meanwhile, it maintains a internet debt degree of roughly $9.5 billion. That’s lower than 2x anticipated EBITDA, which signifies a wholesome stability sheet.

NOC financials

In this case, the corporate is doing near $5.3 billion in anticipated 2024 free money stream. This implies a 7.7% free money stream yield. In different phrases, if the corporate had been to spend all of its free money stream on dividends, that is the yield one would get. That’s not occurring, however it exhibits what the corporate is able to by way of shareholder distributions.

Between 2017 and 2021, NOC purchased again roughly 8% of its shares excellent. Dividend progress over the previous 10 years averaged 12% per yr. This quantity declined to 9.4% over the previous 3 years, however I’ve little doubt that it’ll return again to double digits as free money stream is now anticipated to speed up once more.

NOC dividends and buybacks


The most up-to-date hike was on May 18, 2021. Back then, the corporate hiked by 8.3%, leading to a $1.57 quarterly dividend. This interprets to $6.28 per yr per share, which is a 1.4% yield utilizing the present $450 inventory worth.

That’s not a excessive yield by any means. If something, it is common, because it’s in keeping with the present S&P 500 yield. However, I feel it is a whole lot. With double-digit dividend progress, this shortly turns right into a satisfying yield on price. And if traders require a excessive yield sooner or later, they’ll at all times promote NOC (most definitely at a giant revenue a number of many years from now) and put cash into excessive yield shares.

In phrases of valuation, we’re coping with a inventory that is up 15% year-to-date as a result of inflation and the conflict in Ukraine. Yet, I nonetheless prefer it. The implied (future) free money stream yield is at a multi-year excessive within the firm’s historic FCF/market cap vary (decrease a part of the graph under), which suggests traders should not overpaying for future free money stream. That’s completely key in dividend progress investing. Moreover, the enterprise worth is roughly $81.8 billion, which relies on a $69 billion market cap, $9.5 billion in internet debt, in addition to $3.3 billion in pension-related liabilities. That’s roughly 16.0x the common EBITDA fee for the subsequent 3 years ($5.1 billion). That’s not low-cost. However, I added all pension liabilities and we have to remember that free money stream conversion is extra essential than EV/EBITDA. Also, I anticipate that EBITDA will speed up after 2024 as a result of some main initiatives just like the B-21 Raider.

Northrop Grumman EV to EBITDA
Data by YCharts

With that mentioned, listed here are my closing phrases.


I feel that is one in every of my most essential articles of this quarter as we talk about an important matter: investing in instances of excessive inflation and uncertainty.

Northrop Grumman is one in every of my favourite dividend progress shares and I imagine it should defend traders in instances of excessive inflation.

The firm is in a great place to offset rising inflation because of the construction and nature of its contracts in addition to its place within the (NATO) protection provide chain. Even within the Seventies, the corporate not solely protected traders however it generated quite a lot of wealth for everybody fortunate sufficient to carry shares again then.

Moreover, the corporate is ready to generate robust free money stream, which helps excessive dividend progress, buybacks, and future investments.

If something, this inventory is not simply nice to fight inflation, however a inventory that traders ought to personal whatever the financial outlook. The valuation is truthful and I like to recommend everybody studying this to contemplate making NOC a core a part of their portfolios.

(Dis)agree? Let me know within the feedback!

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