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Ukrainian Holocaust survivors flee struggle once more — this time to Germany


BERLIN — At a retirement dwelling on the jap fringe of Berlin, half a dozen girls of their 80s and 90s sit collectively having lunch. Their chatter is full of life within the toasty-warm eating room.

They’ve simply narrowly escaped dying for the second time of their lives.

The girls are Ukrainian Holocaust survivors who fled the Nazis as kids. Now, in previous age, they needed to go on the run once more — this time from Russians.

A significant evacuation effort is underway to convey Ukrainian Holocaust survivors to security. Dozens have not too long ago arrived in Germany, the nation they as soon as feared.

Among the Ukrainians struggling to flee from Russian assaults, housebound senior residents, usually unable to get to shelters, are among the many most susceptible. Last month, Russian shelling killed 96-year-old Boris Romanchenko in his residence in Kharkiv. In his youth, Romanchenko survived pressured labor and 4 Nazi focus camps.

One of those that has reached Germany is Sonya Leibovna Tartakovskaya, a retired seamstress from Irpin, close to Kyiv. Today occurs to be her 83rd birthday.

Tartakovskaya says she’s immensely relieved to be on this retirement dwelling, positioned close to a big Russian-speaking group. Ukrainian authorities say they’ve discovered proof in her hometown of Russian atrocities carried out towards civilians.

“For 20 days, I was without gas, without water, without light,” Tartakovskaya says. “When the war started, I weighed 100 pounds — my normal weight. When I arrived here, I weighed almost half that.”

She says she’s placed on 10 kilos since arriving in Berlin.

She as soon as had household on this metropolis. An older cousin, a scholar right here within the Nineteen Thirties, was murdered by the Nazis for being Jewish, as have been a lot of her different kinfolk.

As the opposite girls go away the lunch desk for a day nap, Tartakovskaya stays behind to speak with 90-year-old Alla Ilyinichna Sinelnikova, who has simply arrived from Kharkiv.

“This war is a catastrophe. It’s truly awful,” Sinelnikova says in a whisper. “I never thought I would live to see such horror for the second time in my life. I thought it was in my past, all over and done with. And now we’re reliving it.”

Bringing the oldest refugees to security requires particular planning and care

Sinelnikova was 9 when she fled Kharkiv the primary time. Fearing Nazi persecution, she and her household have been evacuated to Sverdlovsk in west-central Russia, the place they noticed out the struggle. She cannot imagine she needed to come to Berlin to flee the Russians now — the very individuals who supplied her refuge after the Germans invaded Ukraine in 1941.

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“It is a strange paradox. I never believed the Russians would invade us,” Sinelnikova says. “Half of my family are from Russia. How can I hate them? I can’t, even if wanted to.”

Sinelnikova has already forgotten what her journey from Kharkiv to Berlin was like, saying it is most likely greatest that manner. She’s frightened about her kids and grandchildren, from whom she’s heard nothing in weeks.

Rüdiger Mahlo, from Germany’s Jewish Claims Conference, a nonprofit group that helps Holocaust survivors, is coordinating the evacuation effort. Mahlo says it takes about 50 completely different folks to evacuate only one older particular person from Ukraine. They usually have to be transported by ambulance.

Once they’re in Germany, he says, these senior refugees should be housed in care amenities the place the employees communicate Russian or Ukrainian. “Like in any war, the most weak people are the most vulnerable and Holocaust survivors belong to the most vulnerable people,” he says. “For them, the situation is devastating.”

Mahlo says a few of Ukraine’s Holocaust survivors refuse to set foot in Germany due to the previous. He’s looking for alternate options for them, evacuating some to Poland, Romania, even Israel.

“You have the re-traumatization of the survivors,” Mahlo says. “But we wanted them to feel safe and not to feel abandoned as they were in the beginning of their lives,” when most Germans appeared the opposite manner and did nothing to guard Jews and different susceptible folks from Nazism.

German and Ukrainian teams are working collectively to evacuate Holocaust survivors

Mahlo says his group has been capable of convey roughly 50 Ukrainian Holocaust survivors to Germany over the previous few weeks, one thing that may not have been attainable with out assist from the Jewish Distribution Committee, a humanitarian help group in Ukraine.

The JDC’s Pini Miretski says having an current community of care suppliers helped them to determine and evacuate these Holocaust survivors, a lot of whom are sick. “What works as part of a normal routine works well in an emergency,” Miretski says.

As for Tartakovskaya, she says that if it weren’t for the kindness of her neighbors, she’d be lifeless. They have been those who alerted the JDC that she was in want.

“I lived alone, I have nobody. My whole family is long buried in cemeteries in different cities,” she says. “But thanks to strangers, I got out of Irpin. My neighbors didn’t leave me behind; they took me with them.”

Tartakoyskaya’s telephone rings. Remarkably, it is her previous neighbors, calling to want her a cheerful birthday — one thing Tartakoyskaya believes she is marking solely due to them and the organizations that introduced her to Berlin. The neighbors are nonetheless in Ukraine, she says, and so they insist they’re protected for now.

Tartakovskaya says working towards gymnastics in her youth and taking part in chess her complete life have made her bodily and mentally robust. She was simply three years previous the primary time she fled struggle. As tough as it’s to be a refugee once more, particularly in previous age, she is aware of she is among the fortunate ones.

Julia Nesterenko contributed to this story from Berlin.



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